Gulliver describes Lilliput’s plants and animals, and then it shifts to the people and their education. He says their writing system is odd, going from one corner of the page to another. The dead are buried with their heads pointing directly downward, because the Lilliputians believe that eventually the dead will rise again and that the Earth, which they think is flat, will turn upside down. Gulliver adds that the better-educated Lilliputians no longer believe in this custom.
Gulliver goes on to describe their laws; if one is falsely accused of a crime, the accuser will be put to death, by tradition. The law provides not only for punishment but also for rewards of special titles and privileges for good behavior.
Children are raised by the kingdom and not by individual parents, and they are sent to schools to live in at a young age. They are sent to certain schools depending on their parents’ station. They only get to see the children twice a year. Only the laborers’ children stay home, since their job is to farm. There are no beggars at all, since the poor are well looked after. (This is an ideal government, if you ask me… Must be another example of satire.)